How Do Curtain Wall Systems Hold Up?

curtain wall systems have become a popular and widely used glazing system for modern building designs. These glass walls and framed windows add beauty to a structure while providing functional benefits like energy savings. But how do these thin, framed exterior structures hold up such a large expanse of glass? Contrary to popular belief, these structures don’t carry any of the load of the building. They transfer any forces they undergo to the main building structure through connections at floor or column connection points. These systems are also designed to resist air and water infiltration; sway caused by wind and seismic forces; and their own weight.

Typically, curtain wall structures are framed with aluminum or structural steel and can be glazed with either opaque or clear glass. A specialized glass called a point-supported or structural-glass mullion is often used in high-rise buildings to reduce the cost of steel. This enables the structural frame to be smaller which can create additional design flexibility in these types of buildings.

Elevating Architecture: The Advantages of Implementing Curtain Wall Systems

These structures can be classified into two types based on the way they are assembled at the construction site. Stick or conventional curtain wall system is installed piece by piece and requires the use of equipment like scaffolding to reach higher elevations of the construction site. Its time consumption and labor consumption is much more when compared to unitized curtain wall systems which are bought as single units from the factory.

YKK AP offers a wide range of tools and engineering services to help ensure proper system selection, specification, installation, and coordination. Contact your local sales representative to get started.…

The Best Online Games For Science Learning

The Best Online Games for Science Learning

Kids love to learn when it comes to games and there are a number of amazing educational science games that can be played on the web or even as stand alone apps. Many of these games are great review for quizzes and tests and help to reinforce lessons learned in class. They also provide the opportunity for extra practice that may not always be possible in the classroom.

The following UFABET เข้าสู่ระบบ ก้าวเข้าสู่การเดิมพันออนไลน์ curated collections of games are available to students of all ages and span a variety of topics from biology and chemistry to physics and earth sciences. Some of these games are interactive simulations while others are purely game-based. Each one will help students to explore and understand complex scientific concepts in ways that are fun and engaging.

Shuffling Through Time: Tracing the History of Online Card Games

Mastermines, for example, allows players to dig into the depths of caves and mines and identify mysterious crystals while gaining problem-solving skills along the way. Thinkrolls 2 encourages patience as it challenges players to navigate their character through falling mazes while fostering logic and problem-solving. PBS Kids offers a range of games that allow children to rid invasive species with Plum’s Landing, explore animal adaptations with Wild Kratts or experience weather conditions with Sid the Science Kid. NOVA Labs are more advanced lab-style games that teach about evolution, cybersecurity, RNA, clouds and energy.

Legends of Learning is another collection of free online games that can be used to supplement classroom lessons. Teachers can create playlists and assign specific games to their groups of students. Playing these games gives kids a chance to become scientists in their own right and learn through experimentation.